35 Con-Com proposal edit In April 25, essay 2018, the consultative committee (Con-Com created by President Rodrigo duterte to propose revisions to the 1987 Constitution, agreed that the starting point for the federalism discussions will be the establishment of 17 federated regions and the national Capital. The 17 federated regions will be Ilocos, cordillera, cagayan Valley, central luzon, calabarzon, bicol, mimaropa, eastern Visayas, central Visayas, negros, panay, caraga, northern Mindanao, davao, soccsksargen, muslim Mindanao, and Zamboanga. 36 In July 4, 2018, the consultative committee (ConCom) tasked to review the constitution unanimously approved the draft constitution which would shift the present government form into federalism. The draft constitution 'allows the president to assume all the necessary powers of government executive, legislative, and judiciary to prevent the breakup' of the proposed federated republic, in effect a martial law regime, according to consultative committee chairman reynato puno. 37 38 Additionally, under the approved proposed constitution, the Philippines will be divided into 18 federated regions, where the national Capital Region (which initially was suppose to be a 'capital region will now be a federated region as well. 39 In July 6, 2018, it was revealed by conCom member Julio teehankee that under the proposed federal constitution, duterte may run again for president for two consecutive terms or an additional 8 years in office after 2022, paving the way for a possible. 40 see also edit references edit "The debate on federalism". "Decentralization and federalism in the Philippines: Lessons from the global community" (PDF).
31 Proposed states by house Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez (2017) luzon Visayas Mindanao bicol Ilocos Metro manila mimaropa central luzon southern Tagalog Unnamed. State ( Igorot ) Eastern Visayas Western Visayas Eastern Mindanao western Mindanao unnamed Moro State ( Sulu Archipelago ) Unnamed Moro State (Maguindanao / Lanao del Sur) Unnamed. State ( Lumads ) 2018 house sub-Committee 1 proposal edit The sub-Committee 1 of the house of Representatives Committee on Constitutional Amendments proposed that a federal Philippines would comprise five states. Each states to be led by a premiere as its executive head will have small a state Assembly according to the proposal. The proposal has been hit by massive criticism due to general lumping and a lack of representation. According to the proposal, politicians will have 'more than' two consecutive terms, making them eligible to run for office with no term limit. 32 league of Provinces proposal edit In February 2018, the league of Provinces of the Philippines (lpp whose members are the 81 provincial governors, gave its support to the country's shift to federalism, but stated that the 81 existing provinces should be converted into independent.
Unlike the nene pimentel Senate resolution, puentevella included the option of holding a constitutional convention, but excluded the people's Initiative mode. 28 Prospero nograles, a self-proclaimed advocate of federalism, on may 1, 2008, announced: "This federal system of government is close to my heart as a mindanaoan leader and I'm sure most of the leaders in Mindanao will agree that we have long clamored for. Senate resolution 10 is a pleasant surprise because the senate has a long history of opposing any move to amend the constitution." 29 The joint Senate resolution called for the creation of 11 federal states in the country, by convening of Congress into a constituent. Alvarez proposal edit In 2017, house Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez 's vision for a federal Philippines called for 14 states: 7 in luzon, 2 in Visayas and 5 in Mindanao. He also proposed that the capital of the Philippines under a federal government should be somewhere in Negros island saying that it would be accessible to all people from the three island groups while he added that the state's territory does not have. 30 Alvarez has hinted that the new capital may be established between the towns of Kabankalan, negros Occidental and Mabinay, negros Oriental. Indigenous groups are in favor of the proposal, but are wary of the possibility of a 'no term limit' for politicians, which is a grave scandal in many filipino indigenous societies, especially in the cordilleras. Citation needed In February 2018, Alvarez reiterated that he shall input an indigenous state in the cordilleras in luzon and an indigenous state in Mindanao, whatever federal set-up is approved by the President.
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22 After the abolition of the negros Island Region on August 9, 2017, there have been several regional movements driven by the negrenses in autobiography support of the unification of the twin Negros provinces ( Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental ) under one federal state. 23 24 In January 2017, under a federalism forum, pimentel clarified twenty-eight points, namely: (1) the cordillera will have its own federal state; (2) the boundaries of Northern luzon state still needs to be clarified as the state includes two distinct regions; (3) Masbate will. Pimentel, however, did not clarify that the Philippines can only claim the eastern half of Sabah. 25 In January 2018, pimentel suggested the inclusion of the malaysian-administered territory of Sabah as a philippine federal state in itself to assert the Philippine claim over the disputed territory in a way "acceptable under international laws". 26 In February 2018, under a new federalism forum, pimentel noted that new information have been funneled in regarding federalism in the Philippines and the actual want and need of the people in a federal form of government.
In the forum, he clarified and revised six points from his initial forum back in January 2017, namely: (1) the proposed Northern Mindanao state may thesis be divided into the northwest Mindanao state (the entire zamboanga region, misamis Occidental, lanao del Norte, iligan City, misamis Oriental. 27 house concurrent Resolution. Puentevella on may 7, 2008, filed house concurrent Resolution. 15 which supported Senate resolution. 10 backed by 16 senators.
10 edit The resolution may require the revision of 14 of the 18 Articles of the 1987 Philippine constitution and the addition of two new articles. It sought to adopt a federal and presidential form of government with a bicameral legislature. This proposed resolution was backed by 12 senators of the Philippines: Aquilino pimentel., edgardo Angara, rodolfo biazon, pia cayetano, juan Ponce Enrile, francis Escudero, jinggoy estrada, gregorio honasan, panfilo lacson, francis Pangilinan, ramon revilla., and Manuel Villar 16 In 2008, senator Aquilino pimentel. Proposed joint Resolution. 10, which would revise the current 1987 constitution and have created eleven autonomous regions out of the Philippine republic, establishing eleven centers of finance and development in the archipelago. 17 The proposal would result in the creation of eleven "states" and one federal administrative region.
18 19 Within the joint resolution are certain proposals such as election of senators based on states, senators representing overseas voters and the state governor and vice-governor as one team. The judicial and Bar council which screens nominees to the judiciary would be abolished. Geographic locations of the three branches of the government would also be reconsidered. In the proposal, the legislative department would be transferred to what would become the State of Central Visayas while the judicial department would be moved somewhere within the State of Northern luzon. The executive department would remain within the federal administrative region of Metro manila., aquilino 'nene' pimentel., stated in an interview with teodoro locsin. And Tina monzon-Palma that a north Mindanao state may be separated into two distinct states, namely, northwest Mindanao and Northeast Mindanao. 21 While pimentel.'s earlier proposal for a federal Philippines was to include the area currently governed by the cordillera Administrative region to the northern luzon state, pimentel mentioned on August 2017 two possible setups for the cordilleras under a federal government at the north. He also made the same pronouncements during a live interview with journalist Karen davila.
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Parallel to his campaign for federalism, duterte planned to privatize essay tax collection and abolish the congress to make way for a unicameral legislature, contrary to the originally proposed joint Resolution. 11 movements for federalism further intensified from when the draft of the bangsamoro basic Law was submitted by Philippine president Benigno Aquino iii to the 16th Congress on September 10, 2014. 12 From approval, this law establishes the bangsamoro as an autonomous region with its own parliamentary government and police force. 13 Approval of the bangsamoro structure would provide federalism proponents and supporters added confidence to clamor for the national government to enact reforms towards a more decentralized system for the rest of the country., president-elect Rodrigo duterte stated that a plebiscite on the proposed replacement. 14 On December 7, 2016, duterte signed Executive order. 10 creating a consultative committee to review the 1987 Constitution. 15 Initiatives edit joint Resolution.
charter change for federalism. During his visit. Cebu city in October of the same year, duterte stated that federalism will facilitate better delivery of services to the people. 7, he also saw the current system as "antiquated" 8 where distribution of public funds is disproportionately biased towards Manila. Aside from the economic aspect, federalism is also seen as the best means to address problems in Mindanao which suffers the most from ethno-religious conflicts. 9 Duterte added that the current unitary form of government has not worked well given the ethnic diversity in the country. 10 In spite of initially rejecting several calls for his candidacy for the 2016 presidential elections, he cited his organizational reforms if he were to become president.
He sees the proposed system as a key component in alleviating the mindanao crisis and appeasing Moro insurgents. According to pimentel, even though federalism was never intended to appease any followers of any specific ideology of religion, it will also hasten economic development, since resource and financial mobilization is upon each state's or province's discretion without significant constraint from the central government. However, in 2009, after Senate and house resolutions supporting charter change were released, an estimated 13,000 to 15,000 people gathered. Makati to protest against these executive department-deriving proposals for constitutional reform. This was due to speculations that Philippine president. Gloria macapagal-Arroyo would use such amendments to extend her hold in office. 5, in addition, pulse Asia published in the same year their survey regarding public support homework for the proposed charter change; the survey reported that four out of ten Filipino adults, or 42 of all respondents, opposed the amendment, with 25 still undecided and.
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Federalism in the Philippines filipino : Pederalismo sa pilipinas ) is a proposed twist form of government in the country. Contents, history edit, the concept of a federal government for the Philippines was proposed as early as the. Philippine revolution with Filipino revolutionaries, emilio aguinaldo and, apolinario mabini suggesting dividing the islands into three federal states. 1, one of the first proponents of federalism in the Philippines in the 21st century. University of the Philippines professor Jose Abueva who argued that a federal form of government is necessary to more efficiently cater to the needs of the country despite its diversity. 2, the primary goals of a constitutional amendment is to increase decentralization, greater local power and access to resources most especially among regions outside metro manila which has long been dubbed as rather imperial. 3, aside from Abueva, senator, aquilino pimentel,. Is a prominent supporter of federalism who, since 2001, has advocated for federalism.